Over the years, African oil-producing countries have been deprived of adequate investments to the largely unexplored reserves lying on the continent. Some countries have made impressive achievements in attracting essential foreign investments to their oil and gas sectors, while others are still struggling. Then came the COVID-19 pandemic; a blow to many intended and already-started major oil and gas projects on the continent.
The gates of Africa are once again, open to foreign investments in the oil and gas sector. But the unanswered question and the unquestioned answer: Is Africa willing to pass through her gate, and carry investors along? The answer is “Yes, we are, and yes, we should.”
Africans and African countries have been making a statement and have been massively contributing to the global oil and gas scene. African countries make up half of the member-countries of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Algeria, Angola, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Libya and Nigeria). All of these countries are members of the African Petroleum Producers’ Organisation, APPO. The leadership of APPO is currently held by Angola, who is also a Member of OPEC.
At Afric Energy Ltd, it is our belief that for the progress of the African energy sector, international organisations and leading financial institutions are enjoined to partner with Africans to explore and develop the oil and gas potential of the continent.
Although financial institutions like the European Investment Bank (EIB) and other publicly funded development banks, including the African Development Bank Group (AfDB), have all stated in the past that they would reduce their investment in fossil fuels related project, many investors are still willing to invest in Africa, and attractive investment terms are needed to make this desire a reality. As I have said many times over, African Governments and institutions need to invest in technology to be able safely get our oil from the earth, but we cannot be asked to leave our God given resources abandoned.
Moreover, with the huge gas potential in Africa, which is a cleaner and safer energy, the right investments and technologies can aid countries with gas reserves (Egypt, Nigeria, Mozambique etc).
The Mozambique LNG project is a remarkable instance of foreign investment on African soil by financial institutions. The project is operated by the world’s second-largest LNG player with a leading presence in Africa, French oil and gas group, Total, and it is to meet the increasing demand for sustainable and cleaner energy sources. A $20 billion Final Investment Decision was taken in 2019, and the project will start to deliver LNG in 2024.
Total is a French-owned company with leading presence in Africa. The company has a long-term goal of adhering to the Paris Climate Agreement by reducing carbon emissions. Its continuous investment in African energy tells that it believes there are huge potentials of putting our resources to use and still conforming to the agreement.
This is the time for African countries to unite and drive investments towards our energy sector before time becomes too expensive to afford. For a continent that most of its oil-producing countries depend on revenues from oil to finance their budget and sustain the economy, investment in the right people, technology and fields should be the centre of discussions in the countries. Cooperation among African countries should also be at the forefront of discussions, and the time to hold those conversations are NOW.
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